absolute 1 *pure, simple, sheer
Analogous words: *perfect, whole, entire: *real, true: *abstract, ideal: *consummate, finished
Antonyms: mixed, qualified
Contrasted words: incomplete (see affirmative adjective at FULL): imperfect, unentire, unintact (see affirmative adjectives at PERFECT)
2 Absolute, autocratic, arbitrary, despotic, tyrannical, tyrannous mean exercising power or authority without external restraint.
Absolute does not of itself add any further implication to this general denotation. It is restricted in application chiefly to words for authority or for one in authority

an absolute monarch


absolute control


they held their subjects with an absolute hand as all communistic leaders do— F. M. Brown

Autocratic implies assumption or exercise of absolute power or authority; though it is not necessarily opprobrious, it often connotes egotistical consciousness of power and haughty imposition of one’s own will

let the Emperor turn his nominal sovereignty into a real central and autocratic power— Belloc

Arbitrary implies the exercise and usually the abuse of power in accord with one’s opinion of the moment, free of such reasoned guides as constitution and laws which make for consistent and reasonably predictable action

all the constitutional safeguards of English freedom were swept away. Arbitrary taxation, arbitrary legislation, arbitrary imprisonment were powers claimed without dispute and unsparingly used by the Crown— J. R. Green

Despotic and tyrannical are stronger than autocratic, despotic implying the arbitrary and imperious exercise of absolute power or control and tyrannical the abuse of such power or control frequently through harshness, oppression, or severity

the most despotic system of government that history has ever known, Bolshevism, parades as the very incarnation of the principles of equality and liberty of all men— Von Mises


proofs . . . that the people, when they have been unchecked, have been as unjust, tyrannical, brutal, barbarous, and cruel as any king . . . possessed of uncontrollable power— Adams


how could I have borne to become the slave of her tyrannical humors?— Burney

Tyrannous is more frequently used of things than of persons

a . . . skeptical smile, of all expressions the most tyrannous over a susceptible mind— George Eliot

Analogous words: *totalitarian, authoritarian: *dictatorial, magisterial: domineering, imperious, *masterful
Antonyms: restrained: limited
Contrasted words: circumscribed, restricted (see LIMIT vb): irresponsible, unanswerable, unamenable (see affirmative adjectives at RESPONSIBLE)
3 *ultimate, categorical
Analogous words: ideal, transcendent, transcendental (see ABSTRACT): independent, autonomous, *free, sovereign: *infinite, eternal, boundless
Antonyms: conditioned
Contrasted words: relative, *dependent, conditional, contingent: circumscribed, limited, restricted (see LIMIT vb)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Absolute — Ab so*lute, a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See {Absolve}.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Absolute — may mean:Philosophy * Absolute (philosophy), a concept in philosophy * Moral absolutes, the belief that there are absolute standards against which moral questions can be judgedMath and science * Absolute value, in mathematics, the value of a real …   Wikipedia

  • absolute — [ab′sə lo͞ot΄, ab΄sə lo͞ot′] adj. [ME absolut < L absolutus, pp. of absolvere, to loosen from: see ABSOLVE] 1. perfect; complete; whole [absolute silence] 2. not mixed; pure [absolute alcohol] 3. not limited by a constitution, parliament,… …   English World dictionary

  • absolute — (adj.) late 14c., unrestricted; complete, perfect; also not relative to something else (mid 15c.), from M.Fr. absolut (14c., O.Fr. asolu, Mod.Fr. absolu), from L. absolutus, pp. of absolvere to set free, make separate (see ABSOLVE (Cf. absolve)) …   Etymology dictionary

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  • absolute — [adj1] without limit complete, consummate, downright, entire, flat out*, free, full, infinite, no catch*, no fine print*, no holds barred*, no ifs ands or buts*, no joke*, no strings attached*, outright, plenary, pure, sheer, simple, straight out …   New thesaurus

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